How to Cut Natural Stone

cutting-stoneThe material for this article is natural stone and the tools needed to cut it. There are many methods and techniques that can be used to cut natural stone, but I will discuss a few of them in detail. Stone cutting is not an easy process, so make sure you have all the necessary equipment before you start!

Stone cutting safety precautions

It’s very important to take safety precautions when you’re cutting stones.

Here are some tips to help keep you safe:

  • Always wear safety goggles when cutting stone. The sparks from the blade can cause injury to your eyes. Shards and dust particles can damage your eyes too.
  • Always use a slow speed when cutting stone. A fast blade will cause the material to heat up and oxidize, creating cracks in the surface of your project. This is very important if you are working with marble or any other porous stones as it can be dangerous! You should also know that using water on stones like granite could create fissures once it dries because this kind of natural stone absorbs moisture. It’s best to dry wet surfaces immediately after finishing them off by wiping gently until no more dampness comes out from under your hand (if you’re working on countertops for instance).
  • Make sure the area around you is clear of debris and other people. You don’t want anything flying up and hitting you in the face while you’re cutting.
  • Use a wet saw whenever possible. This will help reduce the amount of dust created by the saw.
  • Keep your hands and feet away from the blade at all times.
  • Never try to catch a falling piece of stone. Let it fall to the ground and then move out of the way.

Following these tips will help ensure that your projects come out beautiful and safe!

How to avoid stone chipping during cutting

  1. Use a wet saw whenever possible to reduce dust and debris. This will help keep your blades sharper for longer and minimize chips in the material being cut.
  2. Make sure the blade is sharp; a dull blade will create more chipping.
  3. When cutting, use a gentle back and forth motion rather than a slicing motion.
  4. Keep the speed as low as possible and make sure the surface is wet.
  5. If you are still experiencing chipping, try using a backer board to help support the stone.

If you do end up with some chips in your stone surface, don’t worry! There are many ways to fix them. One way is to use an epoxy or adhesive that can be tinted to match the color of your stone. This will help camouflage any chips that may be visible. Another way is to use a touch-up pen specifically designed for stone surfaces. These pens are available in many different colors, so you can find one that matches your stone perfectly.

Best tools to cut natural stone

  1. Wet tile saws are the best tools to cut natural stone. They can make straight, accurate cuts and come in a variety of sizes. Some of the best-wet tile saws come with water pumps to keep the blade completely submerged in water throughout the project, reducing dust particles and keeping down noise levels.
  2. Circular saws are also good for cutting large pieces of natural stone.
  3. Angle grinders with diamond discs can be used to quickly remove unwanted material from stones.

When it comes to natural stone tools, you want to invest in a quality tool that will last through many projects. For this reason, I recommend using diamond blades instead of conventional ones as they can handle hard stones much better than regular blades. Diamond blades also give cleaner cuts which makes polishing easier after your job is complete. Diamond blade prices vary widely depending on the quality and manufacturer of the product.

What you will need to cut stone

  1. Cutting power tool: wet tile saw, circular saw, or angle grinder.
  2. Googles for eye protection.
  3. Earplugs for ear protection.
  4. Gloves to protect hands from flying chips and dust, as well as work gloves if you need a little more grip on the stone surface itself.
  5. A laser line makes it easier to keep your cut straight but can be skipped until later in the game if necessary.
  6. Rags or shop towels are useful for mopping up excess water so that it doesn’t pool on top of the stone or leave hard-to-clean streaks when it’s dry again.
  7. Sandpaper

Steps to cut natural stone

  1. Measure the stone. Mark the dimensions on the stone with a pencil.
  2. Make sure to wear safety goggles, mask, and gloves.
  3. If you’re looking for an easy way to cut natural stone, using a wet saw is your best option. Select the low speed on the saw to make sure it does not chip, scratch, or break your stone. You will want to cut with the grain of the natural stone in order for accuracy and smoothness. This step is important because if you are off just a little bit when cutting against the grain, then that side of your piece may have an irregular edge which could require some fine polishing later on.
    That’s why using a wet saw is beneficial since they come equipped with water chutes that help control excess dust while also preventing any unwanted accidents from occurring due to flying debris during this process.

    Move the saw slowly through the stone in order to reduce any chipping or breaking. After you have cut your natural stone once, make sure to measure it again to ensure accuracy.

  4. Clean up the edges of the cut with a chisel and hammer.
  5. Smooth down the edges with a grinding wheel or sandpaper.
  6. If all has gone well during the process of cutting the piece of natural stone with a wet saw, then congratulations! You are one step closer to completing this project successfully. Now that you’ve got your measurements and cuts made accurately using a wet saw, it’s time for polishing.


I hope this blog post helps out anyone who needs assistance in learning how to cut natural stones like marble and granite. Now that you know how to cut natural stone, what are you waiting for?

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